National Library of China, National Digital Library of China

It was established in 1909 under the name Jingshi Library.  It was located beside the Purple Bamboo Garden in Haidian District.  It was completely rebuilt in 1987 and took its present name in 1998.  In terms of its collection and staff size, this is the largest one in Asia and is also one of the largest libraries in the world.  It also has the largest collection of foreign books in China.

It has two branches–the General Library and the Ancient Books Library, also called Wenjinjie Library.  It has a total area of about 170,000 square meters and a collection of more than 23 million volumes.
Feature Categories: Ancient Books and Inscriptions, Historical Literature, Rare Manuscripts, and Minority Literature.
General Branch: 33, South Street, Zhongguancun, Haidian District
Operating Time: Southern Area—09:00-17:00
Northern Area—09:00-21:00(Monday-Friday), 09:00-17:00(Saturday-Sunday)
Tele: 8610-88545426, 88545360
Transportation: Bus 83, 319, 320, 332, 563, 645, 653, 689, 695, 697, 717, 808, 814, subway Line 4
Wenjinjie Branch: 7, Wenjin Street, Xicheng District
Operating Time: 09:00-17:00
Tele: 8610-88003091
Transportation: Bus 5, 14, 55, 101, 103, 109, 124, 812, 814, 846

Capital Library

It was formerly known as the combination of Jingshi Library Branch, Jingshi Tongsu Library and Central Park Reading Institute, separately built in June 1913, October 1913 and August 1917. It was completely rebuilt in 2001 and formally opened to the public in 2003. Its collection totals 3.5 million volumes and it attracts more that 1.5 million visitors annually. It also stages more than two hundred lectures and exhibitions every year.
Feature Categories: Drama, Historical Materials, Art
Add.: 88 Dongsanhuan Nan Lu, Chaoyang District
Operating Time: 09:00-19:30
Transportation: Bus 300, 957, Yuntong 107, 28

source:www.travelchinaguide.com